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星际争霸2beta:《裝卸時間與滯期費》第3章-裝卸時間的起算-65

來源:魏長庚  2019-05-23  我要評論(0  

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《裝卸時間與滯期費》第6版CHAPTER 3 第3章Commencement of laytime 裝卸時間的起算3.422 The Charterparty Laytime De?nitions...

星际争霸大师解说 www.imhng.icu 《裝卸時間與滯期費》第6版

CHAPTER 3 第3章

Commencement of laytime 裝卸時間的起算

3.422 The Charterparty Laytime De?nitions 1980 provide:

25. ‘‘TIME LOST WAITING FOR BERTH TO COUNT AS LOADING/DISCHARGING TIME OR AS LAYTIME’’ means that if the main reason why a notice of readiness cannot be given is that there is no loading/discharging berth available to the ship the laytime will commence to run when the ship starts to wait for a berth and will continue to run, unless previously exhausted, until the ship stops waiting. The laytime exceptions apply to the waiting time as if the ship was at the loading/ discharging berth provided the ship is not already on demurrage. When the waiting time ends time ceases to count and restarts when the ship reaches the loading/discharging berth subject to the giving of a notice of readiness if one is required by the charterparty and to any notice time if provided for in the charterparty, unless the ship is by then on demurrage.

And the Voylayrules 1993 similarly provide:

21. ‘‘TIME LOST WAITING FOR BERTH TO COUNT AS LOADING OR DISCHARGING TIME’’ or ‘‘AS LAYTIME’’ shall mean that if no loading or discharging berth is available and the vessel is unable to tender notice of readiness at the waiting-place then any time lost to the vessel shall count as if laytime were running, or as time on demurrage if laytime has expired. Such time shall cease to count once the berth becomes available. When the vessel reaches a place where she is able to tender notice of readiness, laytime or time on demurrage shall resume after such tender and, in respect of laytime, on expiry of any notice time provided in the charterparty.

3.422《1980年租船合同裝卸時間定義》中規定:

25.‘等待泊位損失的時間應計為裝貨或者卸貨的時間’或‘計為裝卸時間’是指:如果未能遞交裝卸準備就緒通知書的主要原因是因為沒有適于船舶裝/卸貨物的空閑可用泊位,除非在此之前已將可用的裝卸時間用完,否則,應從船舶開始等泊時起,開始計算裝卸時間,并且連續計算,直至船舶停止等待時止。如果船舶尚未進入滯期,裝卸時間的除外時間,也適用于該等待時間,就好像船舶是靠泊在裝卸泊位上一樣。除非船舶此時已進入滯期,否則,當等待時間終止時,裝卸時間應停止計算,如果租船合同有規定,則按照要求遞交了裝卸準備就緒通知書,并符合任何關于通知時間的規定,在船舶抵達裝/卸泊位后,即可重新起算裝卸時間。

而且,在《1993年航次租船合同裝卸時間解釋規則》中也有類似的規定,即:

21.‘等泊損失的時間計為裝貨或卸貨的時間’或‘裝卸時間’是指:如果沒有裝貨或卸貨的可用泊位而船舶又無法在等候的地點遞交準備就緒通知書時,船舶損失的時間如同裝卸時間已經起算一樣計為裝卸時間,或者,如果裝卸時間已經屆滿,則計為滯期時間。一旦泊位空出可用,則這種時間就停止計算。當船舶抵達能夠遞交準備就緒通知書的地點時,裝卸時間或滯期時間應在遞交該通知書后繼續計算;但,就裝卸時間而言,則應在租船合同規定的任何通知時間屆滿之時繼續計算。

3.423 It would seem that the emphasis lies on the availability or otherwise of a berth and therefore that the clause only takes effect where the vessel concerned is unable to move into berth due to congestion, and not where she is forced to wait by weather or other causes. Support for this proposition is contained in Lord Diplock’s speech in The Darrah where he said:

‘‘Time lost in waiting for berth’’ in the context of the adventure contemplated by a voyage charter, as it seems to me, must mean the period during which the vessel would have been in berth and at the disposition of the charterer for carrying out the loading or discharging operation, if she had not been prevented by congestion at the port from reaching a berth at which the operation could be carried out.

3.423好像其重點在于泊位可用性或不可用。因此,只有在有關船舶由于港口擁擠不能夠移入泊位靠泊的情況下,這一條款才有作用,而對于因天氣原因或者其他原因導致的船舶被強制不得不去等候的情況,則不適用。Diplock勛爵在The Darrah案的判詞中是支持這一觀點的,他說:

在我看來,根據程租合同,在預計航程的背景中可以看出,‘等泊損失的時間’應該是指:如果不是港口擁擠阻止了船舶抵達其進行作業的泊位,她本應該靠在該泊位上并且在承租人安排下進行裝貨或卸貨作業的這段時間。

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